This is a common skin disease in children. It is so common that people have given it a few names:
Eczema (name most people use)
Atopic (a-top-ic) eczema
To avoid confusion, we’ll use the medical term atopic dermatitis. Children often get atopic dermatitis (AD) during their first year of life. If a child gets AD during this time, dry and scaly patches appear on the skin. These patches often appear on the scalp, forehead, and face. These patches are very common on the cheeks.
No matter where it appears, AD is often very itchy. Infants may rub their skin against bedding or carpeting to relieve the itch.In children of all ages, the itch can be so intense that a child cannot sleep. Scratching can lead to a skin infection.